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East African Lakes
Planning for Communities
OGSM planning methodology
Making a plan
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The geographical demarcation of rare habitats and species is the basis of nature protection. In the United Kingdom this has been true since the 1960s when the Nature Conservancy Council, a central government organisation, initiated a national survey of habitats and their species in order to establish a suite of nature reserves worthy of government protection. Over the years this list of nature sites has moved from the designation of national rarities to local rarities and has been greatly extended through regional and local conservation bodies such as the wildlife trusts, local government and individual communities. However, at no time has there been a central effort to promote a standard UK site management system. This has resulted in an undesirable separation of top down strategic planners from bottom up operational planners when there should be a seamless flow of information between strategic thinking and operational outcomes. At the operational level, site managers/wardens have been left to adopt idiosyncratic systems that suit their day to day methods of working. They are thereby isolated from each other in the same organisation. They often 're-invent wheels' and there is no continuity in planning.
With the devolution of the UK government's responsibility for nature conservation in the 1980s the regional government agencies and the major UK NGOs came together voluntarily to create, maintain and develop a
conservation management system (the CMS)
which, as a software toolkit, is now a professional standard for sharing operational practice between the government nature conservation agencies in Wales and England and has recently been adopted as such by the Netherlands. The CMS is also used widely in the UK by local authorities and wildlife trusts and has been adopted by nature sites throughout the world.
It is against this background that the following pages are devoted to the presentation of concept conservation plans for some large and small regional sites with appropriate toolkits for planning and recording which are based on the international business planning logic originally adopted by the CMS Partnership (now the CMS Consortium). The wiki is work in progress.
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