Mount Elgon District Environmental Action Plan (2009-13)

The Environmental Management and Coordination Act (EMCA) 1999 provides for the preparation of District Environment Action Plans every five years. This is the first District Environment Action Plan (DEAP) for Mt Elgon district. Preparation of this DEAP was done through a participatory process involving the civil society, private and public sectors. The document has incorporated salient issues from the divisions and it highlights priority themes and activities for the district towards attaining sustainable development. It is divided into eight chapters.

Chapter one covers the preamble that highlights provisions for environmental planning as provided for under EMCA, Environmental Acton Planning process that discusses the methodology used in preparation of the DEAP. It also stipulates objectives, scope of this DEAP and challenges for environmental management in the district. It further describes district profile, climate and physical features, population size and distribution and social economic characteristics.

Chapter two discusses the district's environment and natural resources such as soils; land and land use changes; agriculture, livestock and fisheries; water sources; forest and wildlife resources and Biodiversity conservation.

Chapter three addresses the human settlements and infrastructure. It covers human settlements and planning; human and environmental health; pollution and wastes generated from human settlements; communication networks; social economic services and infrastructure and energy supply.

Chapter four discusses industry trade and services in the district. It highlights major industrial sector that covers agro-based industries, engineering, chemical and mineral industries; trade; service sector; tourism sector; mining and quarrying.

Chapter five discusses environmental hazards and disasters. It gives a definition of hazard and disaster, the extent and trend of environment hazards and disasters. The major hazards and disasters covered include; drought floods and fire.

Chapter six covers environmental information, networking and technology. Issues discussed include status of formal and non-formal environmental education; public awareness and participation; technologies; environmental information systems and indigenous knowledge. The chapter thus highlights the need for sustainable environmental management through environmental education and information, awareness raising and enhancing public participation at all levels.

Chapter seven covers environmental governance and institutional framework. It discusses status of environmental governance and institutional arrangements, regulatory and management tools and multilateral environmental agreements. The key issue addressed is the need for strengthened collaboration among lead agencies and stakeholders in environmental management.

Chapter eight provides an implementation strategy in a matrix form for addressing key environmental issues and proposed actions highlighted in chapters two to seven. The implementation matrix is divided into issue category, problem statement, action needed, stakeholders involved and the time frame.

The respective lead agencies and stakeholders are expected to be involved at all stages in the implementation of the district environmental action plan. Secondly, they are required to monitor and evaluate environmental management indicators identified in the matrix for the annual reporting for the district state of environment report.

Rural livelihood and forest management (2008)